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The term "neoliberalism" is intricate and multifaceted, and it has been used to refer to a variety of economic and political theories and practices. Neoliberalism is fundamentally an ideology that supports free markets, moderate government involvement in the economy, and individual liberty and accountability.

In the 1970s, neoliberalism evolved as a reaction to Keynesian economics' alleged shortcomings. Neoliberal proponents stated that the government's only responsibility in the economy should be to create the circumstances necessary for a free market to function effectively. This includes lowering regulations, lowering taxes, and removing obstacles to investment and trade. The objective was to develop a more competitive and dynamic economy that would promote widespread wealth and growth.

The emphasis on individuality and the value of the individual in the economy is one of the fundamental aspects of neoliberalism. According to neoliberalism, people are logical decision-makers who are best suited to make choices about their own lives and economic pursuits. In instead of relying on laws or programs from the government, policies should be created to promote individual initiative and responsibility.

As a result of the uneven distribution of the advantages of economic growth, neoliberalism's detractors claim that inequality has increased. The emphasis on individualism, according to this group, has also resulted in a decline in social cohesiveness and a weakening of institutions that support group interests, such as labor unions and public services.

Neoliberalism remains a powerful influence in economic and political discourse worldwide in spite of these objections. Neoliberal ideas have been embraced by a lot of states and international bodies recently, with varying degrees of success. There will probably be a long-lasting discussion over the benefits and disadvantages of neoliberalism.

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