Arab League

MoneyBestPal Team
A regional organization that consists of 22 Arabic-speaking countries in Africa and Asia.

The Arab League is a regional organization that consists of 22 Arabic-speaking countries in Africa and Asia. It was established in 1945 with the intention of advancing the independence, sovereignty, affairs, and interests of the nations that make up its membership, as well as those of observers. 

The League has a charter, a council, as well as a number of committees and specialized organizations that deal with various facets of collaboration and integration among its members. The Arab League is particularly interested in a number of topics, including trade, investment, development, and monetary policy.

According to Investopedia, the Arab League aids its member nations in coordinating governmental and cultural initiatives to promote collaboration and reduce conflict. The league assists its member nations in fostering commerce and economic growth as well as sovereignty and political stability in the region through agreements for shared defense, economic cooperation, and free trade, among other things. Some of the notable agreements that the Arab League has signed or endorsed include:
  • The Arab Monetary Fund (AMF), which was established in 1976 to provide financial assistance, policy advice, and technical support to its member countries.
  • The Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development (AFESD) was established in 1968 to provide loans and grants for economic and social development projects in its member countries.
  • The Greater Arab Free Trade Area (GAFTA), which was launched in 1997 to eliminate tariffs and non-tariff barriers among its member countries.
  • The Council of Arab Economic Unity (CAEU), which was established in 1964 to achieve economic integration and coordination among its member countries.
  • The Arab Customs Union, which was proposed in 2009 to harmonize customs regulations and procedures among its member countries.

The populations, wealth, gross domestic product (GDP), and levels of literacy of the Arab League nations are all very diverse. Although they are all largely Muslim nations with Arabic-speaking populations, Egypt and Saudi Arabia are regarded as the two most important players in the League. Qatar has the nation with the highest GDP per capita, at $114,789 (PPP), IMF PPP per capita, or $84,514 USD, according to Wikipedia (nominal). The lowest is Somalia, with a nominal GDP per person of US$5499.96 or $1,299,96. (PPP). As a result, Qatar has a nominal GDP per capita that is around 156 times more than Somalia's.

The Arab League faces many challenges and opportunities in the field of finance. Some of the challenges include:
  • The COVID-19 pandemic's effects on its member nations' economies and health.
  • The political unrest and conflicts in some of its constituent nations, including Syria, Yemen, Libya, and Iraq.
  • The reliance on oil revenues and the erratic nature of oil prices on the world market.
  • The lack of innovation and diversification in several of its member economies.
  • Juvenile poverty and unemployment rates.

Some of the opportunities include:
  • The possibility of regional integration and collaboration in trade, investment, infrastructure, energy, tourism, and other sectors.
  • The accessibility of human capital and natural resources in certain of its member nations.
  • The expanding demand for Islamic finance services and goods on the international market.
  • The advent of new digital platforms and technology that can improve access to and inclusion in finance.
  • The Arab League functions as a partner and mediator in regional and global issues.