The Four

MoneyBestPal Team
The Four: The Hidden DNA of Amazon, Apple, Facebook, and Google 

"The Four" by Scott Galloway is a book that examines the success and impact of four technology companies that dominate the modern marketplace: Amazon, Apple, Facebook, and Google. 

Due to the significant and detrimental impact these businesses have on our society, economy, and democracy, they are also referred to as the "Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse."

Also, the book analyzes how their influence might be constrained, who will be the next tech juggernaut, and how to succeed in the new economy they have established.

The book is divided into five main parts:

Part 1: The Success of the Four

The author explores how the Four have grown to be so significant and widespread in our lives in this section and what elements have led to their ongoing success. He contends that the Four have an easy-to-understand strategy that draws significant capital commitment and that they make use of our primal human drives for development and success. 

He also demonstrates the usage of analog moats by the Four to protect their markets from possible rivals, such as physical infrastructure and storefronts.

Part 2: The Four's Negative Impacts on Society

In this section, the author highlights the Four's success's negative sides and how they have impacted numerous facets of our society. He contends that the Four have damaged our right to privacy, our chances for professional growth, our free-market economy, and even the fundamental foundation of our democracy. 

A winner-take-all economy, in which the Four seize the majority of the value and leave little for others, is another concern he raises.

Part 3: Limiting the Outsized Power of the Four

The author looks at possible ways to curb the dominance of the Four as well as potential solutions to bring back market competition and balance in this section. He proposes that in order to prevent monopolies, the Four should be subject to more stringent government regulation and divided into smaller entities. 

Additionally, he exhorts customers to exercise their choice and voice and to become better informed about the advantages and disadvantages of utilizing the Four's goods and services.

Part 4: Who Will Be the Next Tech Giant?

In this section, the author makes predictions on which tech titan may join or challenge the Four in the future. His list of potential contenders includes companies like Microsoft, Alibaba, Tesla, Uber, Airbnb, Netflix, and Spotify. He also assesses their advantages and disadvantages, as well as how they may use their core capabilities to add value and stand out.

Part 5: How to Make It in the Cutthroat Economy Created by the Four

The author gives some suggestions in this section on how to succeed in the Four's new economy. He argues that success in the digital age requires a variety of abilities, including creativity, emotional intelligence, critical thinking, and storytelling. 

He also advises young people to major in STEM subjects (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics), or in professions that are resistant to automation (such as health care or education). Additionally, he exhorts business owners to develop novel products and services that will upend the status quo in their respective sectors.


The "Four Horsemen" that Scott Galloway refers to in his book are the four tech giants: Amazon, Apple, Facebook, and Google. These companies have become so powerful that they dominate the business world.

Galloway attributes the success of the "Four Horsemen" to their ability to tap into basic human instincts and their capacity to shape society. He also highlights their ability to defy laws, gather large amounts of private data, and create monopolies.

Galloway argues that the success of the "Four Horsemen" has had a profound and decidedly negative impact on our society, affecting everything from our privacy and our opportunities for career advancement to our free-market economy and the very functioning of our democracy.

Galloway discusses various ways in which the power of the "Four Horsemen" might be limited, including regulatory measures and increased competition. However, he also acknowledges the challenges in implementing these measures given the companies' immense influence.

Galloway suggests that the tech industry will continue to be dominated by the "Four Horsemen" due to their entrenched positions and the significant barriers to entry for new competitors.

Galloway describes the business strategies of the "Four Horsemen" as being centered around customer obsession, continuous innovation, and aggressive expansion. He also highlights their ability to leverage data to gain insights and drive decision-making.

Galloway suggests that the "Four Horsemen" have a significant influence on consumer behavior, shaping how we shop, communicate, access information, and interact with the digital world.

Galloway raises several ethical considerations related to the practices of the "Four Horsemen", including concerns about privacy, data security, and the potential for misuse of their dominant market positions.

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